Dr Hans Franck (governor-general of the occupied parts of Poland in Silesia and Galicia) wanted to set up a cultural establishment in Krakow from the status of Vienna or Berlin and was looking for suitable conductors:
Strauss declined but recommended Swarowsky (as did Krauss); since the
Government General was not legally part of the German Reich and Franck
had great liberties, Swarowsky's employment was possible. Later that year Julia Laszkys grandparents are
deported to a concentration camp nearKrakow - Swarowsky knows about that
and supports them as long as possible. This and also Dr Kranz's Polish
family roots contributed strongly to Swarowskys decision to take on the
position with the orchestra. It's thanks to Swarowsky's initiative that the orchestra was saved from destruction and was able to survive the war years.